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Monthly Archives: January 2017

Tips on Painting Glazes

In painting, glazing refers to applying a thin transparent layer of paint over another, dry layer to build up or modify the underlying color. This is a great way to add luminosity and depth to your art work that can’t be achieved through color mixing. And although it may sound simple at first, the re are a lot of nuances you should know to do everything right. So if you want to learn painting on canvas like here, read carefully!

In painting, glazing refers to applying a thin transparent layer of paint over another, dry layer to build up or modify the underlying color. This is a great way to add luminosity and depth to your art work that can’t be achieved through color mixing. And although it may sound simple at first, there are a lot of nuances you should know to do everything right. So if you want to learn painting on canvas like here, read carefully!

1. Study your transparent colors.
The first thing you should do is learn to distinguish between transparent, semi-transparent and opaque pigments. Using transparent colors to paint glazes will give you beautiful, subtle shades, but with time you can also try to play with opaque paints for this purpose.

2. Wait until the paint dries.
Patience is a virtue, especially when it comes to glazing. Don’t apply another coat of paint until the previous layers dries completely! Otherwise the colors will mix together, which is something we are trying to avoid. Those painting on canvas using acrylic paints can accelerate the drying time by using a hair drier. Wait until the paint is dry to the touch, it shouldn’t stick to your fingers. You can also move between several canvases at once while a glaze is drying.

3. Use a ground of light color.
Light colors are known to reflect light as opposed to dark colors that tend to absorb light. Therefore using a light-hued ground will give you more sway over the final look of your glaze. If you aren’t sure, try producing exactly the same effects on both light and dark grounds.

4. Use glazing mediums.
Nowadays, there is a wide range of means to facilitate the painting process. By mixing glazing mediums into the paint, you will thin it to an optimal consistency for glazing. Fast-drying formulas will also reduce the drying time. Besides, glazing mediums improve adhesion even if you added to much water to the paint. Avoid using too much of them, though, otherwise there will be too much gloss in your painting.

5. Glaze with a soft brush.
The layer of glazing should be thin and smooth. Your regular brush might leave imprints in the paint layer, so it’s advisable to apply it with a filbert brush. If there still some noticeable brush marks, you can effectively remove them using a dry fan.

6. Avoid rough surfaces.
Glazing is a delicate process that requires a perfectly smooth surface. You wouldn’t want your glaze to accumulate in dints or break apart at rough spots of the canvas. To avoid that, make sure your canvas is properly primed and try to lay down the initial layering as thinly and carefully as possible.

7. Apply a final layer.
At the end of your work, cover the entire canvas with the final layer glaze to unify all elements of the composition. Alternatively, you can glaze just the element positioned in or near the focal point of the picture.

Glazing will tremendously improve your treatment of color and allow you to achieve amazing visual effects. However, there are also many other tricks that will enhance your painting on canvas. Art by Leonid Afremov is full of those. A famous modern impressionist working with a palette knife, he creates bold colorful cityscapes that catch the eye with expressive contrasts and sophisticated texture. If you want to learn more about his art work, iTunes and Deviantart feature a wide collection of his paintings. You can also visit the artist’s official internet gallery that offers thousands of beautiful bright pictures available for online purchase.

The Concept of Realism and Realistic Art

Artists have always drawn inspiration from Nature, human experiences, mysticism and a variety of other facets of life. As times change, art also evolves. Different styles and schools of art have emerged with the changing times. The development of Realism and Realistic art during the eighteenth century will always be looked upon as an important phase in the history of art. Realism in art is basically an art movement which is known for its departure from the traditional styles of Neoclassicism and Romanticism. Wondering what is Realistic art and how is it different from the other schools of art? Scroll down to find out more about this art movement along with the artists associated with it.

Realism in Art

Realism in the artistic world basically symbolizes the depiction of objects as they exist. This school of art emerged in response to Neoclassicism and Romanticism in art. Romanticism was an intellectual artistic movement that influenced many artists during the seventeenth and the eighteenth century. It placed a great deal of importance to emotions, creativity and the imagination of the artist. The art was much more than the reflection of the Nature. Those who followed Romantic art tradition, used their imagination freely in the works of art. Appreciation of Nature’s beauty and mysticism were increasingly used as themes. On the other hand, famous artists who painted as per the Neoclassical art are known to have used classical styles for expressing their ideas about bravery, sacrifice and the love of country.

Characteristics of Realistic Art

Realism in visual arts is basically about moving over the interpretation, personal bias, subjectivity or emotionalism and depicting the painting theme in an empirical sense. Realists rejected the characteristics of Romantic art as they believed in portraying objects with a sense of objective reality. Thus, the artists didn’t use techniques to change the appearance of the object. For instance, an artist who follows the Realistic art tradition would never attempt to conceal any flaws in the object or scene he/she is painting. The Realism art movement can also be associated with the age of positivism. Positivism is all about gaining knowledge using scientific methods of observation and objective evaluation. In art, this translates to depiction of objects as they are. One must not allow subjectivity and imagination to affect the depiction of the objects. Realism in art is all about rejecting idealization. Those who follow the realistic tradition in art believe in an accurate portrayal of ordinary people and events. The artist’s muse shouldn’t be someone who is larger-than-life or glorious always. This explains why artists who follow this tradition didn’t believe in painting the Gods, Goddesses or heroes. Their aim was to depict the daily life with as much accuracy as possible.

Realists basically draw inspiration from contemporary life. The subject matter of their paintings generally includes daily scenes and ordinary people.They depict contemporary life in a realistic and accurate manner. For instance, after industrial revolution, many of the famous paintings from Realistic school of art depicted workers performing their tasks in factories. They tried to depict the workers as they looked. However ugly or unaesthetic the surroundings looked, the painter painted them with honesty, just as they existed. No changes were made to make them look aesthetically pleasing. If you go through the famous painters list, you will come across names such as Gustave Courbet, Honore Daumier, Jean-Francois Millet, John Singer Sargent, James McNeil Whistler, Jan Van Eyck and Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot. These were some of the famous painters who followed this art tradition. Movements such as the Ashcan School, the Contemporary Realist, and the American Scene Painters are also based on this art tradition. These painters believe in the painting what they see. The logic given by these artists is that the abstract objects, or the objects that are intangible or non-existent, don’t belong to the realm of painting.

The rejection of the Romantic art tradition is an important aspect of Realistic art. Painting ordinary people and daily scenes in a realistic manner is the objective of this form of art.

Characteristics of Renaissance Art

Evolution of Renaissance art took place in three stages, namely, Early Renaissance (1400-1475 AD), High Renaissance (1475-1525 AD) and Late Renaissance or Mannerism (1525-1600 AD). A lot of changes in art took place during these time periods. Primarily because rich Italian families, whose businesses were flourishing, started patronizing many artists. With this new-found financial support, there was a drastic change in the behavior and thinking of the artists. They outright rejected the medieval art emphasis on religion and after life, thus starting a revolution in the field of art. There are some characteristics that are symbolic of this period.

Characteristics at a Glance

  • Naturalism
  • Individualism
  • Focus on perspective
  • Complex formal arrangements
  • Realism and a sense of emotional expression
  • Rendering of light and shadow to create illusion of depth

Now let us take a look at how these characteristics were reflected in the works of the period during its different stages.

Early Renaissance Art

The artists of the early renaissance period believed that art can’t remain static, it should develop and move forward. The artists of early renaissance examined the light, color, and space techniques used by the ancient Greek and Roman artists. They used the successful creative processes of the ancient period artists to create a new and modern art form.

Early Renaissance Art

Unlike the artists of the medieval period, who painted heavenly creatures, the focus of the artists shifted to the human body. Realistic expressions were given to the human figures, be it in painting, architecture or sculpture, and the concept came to be known as Realism. Painters like the famous Masaccio still painted religious themes, but the saints in the paintings wore common people’s clothes and had natural expressions.

The artworks of early Renaissance depicted people carrying on with their everyday activities like eating, dancing, etc., rather than doing something extraordinary.

Architect Filippo Brunelleschi introduced the concept of linear perspective during the early renaissance era. By utilizing this, the artists were able to create the illusion of space and distance on a level surface. “Statue of Brunelleschi” by Filippo Brunelleschi, “Trinity” painted by Masaccio,”St. James before Herod Agrippa” by Andreas Mantegna and “Metal Recto” by Alberti utilized linear perspective beautifully.

Modern ideas were embraced, and the focus was slowly shifting from other worldly things as advocated by the church to the present and now. The modern artists of this era started questioning the church. People’s belief in religion started diminishing too and the same was reflected in the artists’ works. “The Arnolfini Portrait” by Jan van Eyck, shows a couple being married in a room instead of a church. Although, the room has a chandelier on which a candle is placed, which in a way represents Christ. Another peculiarity of the painting is that the woman is shown pregnant even before marriage. Such modern ways of living were unheard of during the medieval period.

One more work of art that deserves a mention here is the dome of the Florence Cathedral. Filippo Brunelleschi built round arches for it instead of the Gothic style preferred by the church during those days.

High Renaissance Art

This same devotedness to art, which Michelangelo professes, is observed in the works of other High Renaissance artists as well, who aimed to achieve perfect harmony and balance, in all aspects of painting, i.e. use of color and light, perspective, technical precision, imagination and composition.

Leonardo da Vinci’s “The Last Supper” paintings, Michelangelo and Raphael’s Vatican City paintings are the epitome of creativity that existed in this era.

There was a focus on painting human anatomy. When Michelangelo carved the statue of Moses, he included veins and muscles in the arms and legs.

Another example is the “Vitruvian Man” painted by Leonardo Da Vinci, which studies the ideal proportions of a male figure. High Renaissance art focused on portraying the humans in their most natural form. Nudes were painted beautifully and aesthetically. Artists perfected the art of facial expressions. Leonardo Da Vinci’s “Mona Lisa” and the “Last Supper” are a good example of this.

The artists advocated the philosophy of Humanism through their art works. Humanists believed that humanity is unparalleled, as it connects the mortal world with the spiritual world. Human welfare and human values like secularism were heavily promoted. People began to focus on self-improvement and started doing things according to their likings. The Renaissance paintings depicted people studying Philosophy and Mathematics, rather than worshiping, as was the trend in the medieval art.

Late Renaissance Art

Mannerism, from 1525 to 1600, concentrated more on style or manner and less on the substance. There was no newness in the Italian art as the artists of this period only wanted to outdo the artists of the high renaissance period. Mannerists used loud colors and strange themes. They depicted humans with unnaturally long limbs.

The sack of Rome, then a part of Papal states, by the troops of Charles V in 1527, is believed to have caused a major impact on the painters. Painting anguished people became one of the strangest characteristics of Italian Renaissance art. Prominent artists of this period included Giorgio Vasari and Giovanni da Bologna. Michelangelo was one of the few artists of high Renaissance, who continued painting during this period.

Renaissance didn’t remain concentrated to Italy though, it spread to other European nations as well. Northern Renaissance art characteristics included the use of Gothic style as against the Roman style of the Renaissance in Italy. Even the human figures depicted in Northern Renaissance art, although very realistic, were unlike the ones used in the Italian art. Symbolism i.e. objects used to denote an altogether different meaning, was widely used. Prints i.e. use of woodcut to create images, was also a very prominent feature of the northern Renaissance art. The artists used to make drawings on wood. The untouched part of the wood was then cut off and the raised portions were inked. In the end, the wood was pressed against a paper or fabric, to create paintings.

Renaissance Art Compared to Medieval Art

▶ In Renaissance art, human emotions were depicted liberally. Medieval art made lesser use of emotions.
▶ Humans were very natural and lifelike. They had realistic expressions unlike the humans depicted in medieval art.
▶ In the Medieval period, the art was simple and mono dimensional. The Renaissance paintings, on the other hand, were complicated and had more depth due to the use of linear perspective. The artists showed how things looked different from far and near.
▶ During medieval period, the artworks had religious themes and were inspired by the Gothic culture. There was a great influence of Rome and Greek ancient art works on the Renaissance artists and they preferred to paint Greek gods, Greek goddesses and Greek philosophers. Even the architects built Roman style round arches, which were considered against the Church ideals. Such architecture was unthinkable during the medieval period.

The Renaissance art shows the kind of intellectual development that took place during those golden years of art. Even today, the artists of contemporary art, use this information which is available, to enhance their paintings. These artworks teach us human values which have been long-lost in today’s world. As Thomas Merton puts it, “Art enables us to find ourselves and lose ourselves at the same time.”

Facts behind Oil and Water Color Painting

At times, it really becomes hard to decide on the type of paint, be it water or oil as a medium. Each type of paint has its own importance, and properties and thus, different individuals have different choices to meet up on. Sometimes you do not get much time to go out and explore paintings of your choice.

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At times, it really becomes hard to decide on the type of paint, be it water or oil as a medium.  Each type of paint has its own importance, and properties and thus, different individuals have different choices to meet up on. Sometimes you do not get much time to go out and explore paintings of your choice. In such conditions, the best place to buy art online is the internet that gives you ample time and choices to make your preferences and choose the best for your desire. Below are listed few basic points that wil.

1. Drying time

Oil paints are notable for setting aside a long opportunity to dry, numerous months’ truth be told. It’s hence that oils are better for those who would like to invest more energy in their work – with oils, specialists have a great deal a greater amount of a chance to try different things with various strategies, for example, mixing and blending of colors. In contrast to this, water paintings are much sharper to dry, so they’re better for somebody who likes to work rapidly. It likewise helps that with water paints you can cover an extensive part of the canvas with a little measure of paint. On the off chance that your work space is some place hot and dry, your water shading paints will dry very quick. You can back off the drying time by working some place moister.

You can buy water color paintings from a wide range of online portals as thousands of paintings are being produced all over the world everyday.

2. Mixing

Oils can be a considerable measure less demanding to blend than watercolors just due to their truly moderate drying time. However blending water colors can be very harder in view of the way that they dry all the more rapidly and the way that the water doesn’t generally carry on as you need it to. Mastering watercolors may appear to be very simple, but then it can be troublesome as well. At the point when blending watercolors, you need to take extraordinary care since it just takes one drop to destroy something you’ve been working for some time on.

3. Colors

Painting with oils opens up an incredible assortment of colors for you to utilize. This is a result of oils’ truly moderate drying time and in light of the way that oils contain a considerable measure of shades. Watercolor paints give a more translucent impact and they really dry lighter shading than what they initially showed up on the canvas.

There are various ways that you can show your talent and one way is to give yourself a chance to the original oil paintings for sale via online portal. Thousands of visitors look for new and unique oil paintings everyday so that they can give their place a different look. For such oil painting lovers, you can open a door and also can spread the zeal of oil painting.